The only teams without NFL cheerleaders at this time were New Orleans, New York, Detroit, Cleveland, Denver, Minnesota, Pittsburg, San Francisco, and San Diego.Professional cheerleading eventually spread to soccer and basketball teams as well.
The NCAA requires college cheer coaches to successfully complete a nationally recognized safety-training program.
As a more subtle way to gain independence, however, students invented and organized their own extracurricular activities outside their professors' control. It was not until 1898 that University of Minnesota student Johnny Campbell directed a crowd in cheering "Rah, Rah, Rah! By the 1960s, some began to consider cheerleading a feminine extracurricular for boys, and by the 1970s, girls primarily cheered at public school games.